PMID: 7939524Sep 10, 1994Paper

Therapy with growth hormone in pediatric patients with chronic kidney insufficiency

Schweizerische medizinische Wochenschrift
I HämmerliM Zachmann


Statural growth in children with chronic renal failure (CRF) is often delayed. Several studies have shown that one of the main causes is partial resistance to growth hormone (GH), which can be overcome by supraphysiologic doses of recombinant human (rh) GH. Since August 1990 we have been treating 8 boys and 1 girl (ages 1.7-12.7, mean 5.3 yrs) with rhGH (4 IU/m2 s.c. daily). All patients were prepubertal and were 2.4-4.5 (mean 3.2) SDS below the mean normal height for age and sex. 5 patients were on dialysis. Mean growth velocity was -2.0 SDS (5.4 cm/yr) before and +2.6 SDS (9.5 cm/yr) during the first year of therapy with rhGH. Mean height increased from -3.2 to -2.5 SDS at 1 year. Height in the 4 boys treated > 2 yrs with rhGH improved from -3.3 SDS (before rhGH) to -2.4 (1st yr) and to -2.0 SDS (2nd yr); their height increased by 9.6 cm (1st yr) and 7.8 cm (2nd yr) as compared to 4.6 cm in the year before treatment. The response to rhGH was better in the 4 patients treated conservatively than in those on dialysis. Side effects did not occur. Plasma insulin increased but the oral glucose tolerance test remained normal. We conclude that treatment with rhGH represents an important step forward in selected pediatric patients wit...Continue Reading

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