PMID: 501276Jun 1, 1979

Thermoacclimatory changes in the ionic microenvironment of haemoglobin in the stenothermal rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) and eurythermal carp (Cyprinus carpio)

The Journal of Experimental Biology
A H Houston, J S Smeda


1. Haematological characteristics (erythrocyte number, haematocrit, haemoglobin, mean erythrocyte volume and haemoglobin content) and plasma and packed red blood cell water and electrolyte (Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Cl-) levels were determined in summer and winter populations of rainbow trout acclimated to 2, 10 and 18 degrees C, and for carp held at 2, 16 and 30 degrees C. Erythrocyte electrolyte concentrations and ion:haemoglobin ratios were calculated from these data. 2. Modest increases in red cell abundance and reductions in mean erythrocytic volume were the most obvious haematological changes accompanying acclimation to higher temperatures. Haemoglobin levels in carp also tended to increase with temperature. 3. In winter trout plasma sodium and potassium were elevated following acclimation to increased temperature. No significant cges in plasma composition were observed in summer fish. Carp held at higher temperatures were characterized by increases in plasma chloride and calcium and reductions in sodium and magnesium levels. 4. Red cell potassium and magnesium and K+:Hb and Mg2+:Hb ratios tended to be higher in winter than in summer trout, with the converse being true of chloride and calcium and Cl-:Hb and Ca2+:Hb. Only potas...Continue Reading

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Chloride Ion Level
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