Thermodilution versus inert gas rebreathing for estimation of effective pulmonary blood flow

Critical Care Medicine
P ChristensenS W Henneberg

Abstract

To compare measurements of the effective pulmonary blood flow (Qep, i.e., nonshunted fraction of cardiac output, Qt) by the inert gas rebreathing (RB) method and the thermodilution (TD) technique in critically ill patients. Prospective, comparative study of a noninvasive method and an established invasive technique. An 11-bed general intensive care unit in a university hospital. A total of 14 critically ill patients, all mechanically ventilated and monitored with systemic and pulmonary artery catheters. Qep was determined in duplicate by RB using a mass spectrometer for gas analysis. For each determination, Qt was measured in triplicate by the cold water bolus TD technique and averaged. Simultaneously mixed venous and arterial blood samples were analyzed to calculate the intrapulmonary shunt fraction and thereby convert estimates of Qt to Qep. Mean difference between paired estimates (RB - TD) was 0.01 L/min, so for differences was 1.19 L/min, and 95% confidence interval for the bias was -0.45 to 0.47 L/min. Coefficients of variation for repeated Qep estimates were 8% (RB) and 12% (TD), respectively. Coefficients of variation for RB estimates of functional residual capacity and lung tissue volume were 6% and 17%, respectively. ...Continue Reading

References

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Related Concepts

Cardiac Output
Care of Intensive Care Unit Patient
Functional Residual Capacity
Hemodynamics
Lung
Regional Blood Flow
Regression Analysis
Mechanical Ventilation
Expiratory Airflow
Thermodilution

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