Aug 9, 2003

Thermodynamic analyses of triplex formation with homopurine oligonucleotide

Nucleic Acids Symposium Series
H Torigoe, R Shimizume

Abstract

We analyzed the thermodynamics of purine motif triplex formation by isothermal titration calorimetry. The signs of calorimetric enthalpy change, delta Hcal, and entropy change, delta S, of the triplex formation were negative in the temperature range between 15 and 35 degrees C. Since an observed negative delta S was unfavorable for the triplex formation, the triplex formation was driven by a large negative delta Hcal. delta Hcal decreased with increasing temperature, yielding a negative heat capacity change, delta Cp, of approximately -1.2 kcal mol-1 K-1. We found that the binding constant, Ka, increased with increasing temperature, leading to an apparent positive van't Hoff enthalpy change, delta Hvh, which was in sharp contrast with the large negative delta Hcal. The analyses of the observed temperature dependence of Ka and delta Hcal and the negative delta Cp suggest that the purine motif triplex formation near room temperature is not a simple two-state binding process but exhibits multiple states, which was previously observed for the pyrimidine motif triplex formation near room temperature.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Thermodynamics
RNA Conformation
Calorimetry
Pyrimidine
Entropy
Protein Domain
Oligonucleotides
Pyrimidines
Titration Method
Oligodeoxyribonucleotides

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