Thermodynamic investigation of the systems poly(ethylene glycol) + sodium pentane-1-sulfonate + water and poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) + sodium pentane-1-sulfonate + water

Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Rahmat Sadeghi, Mehdi Ziaii

Abstract

Thermodynamic properties for aqueous solutions containing sodium pentane-1-sulfonate (C(5)SO(3)Na) in the absence and presence of poly(ethyleneglycol) (PEG) or poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) determined as a function of surfactant concentration from the density, sound velocity, viscosity, conductivity and vapor-liquid equilibria data, are reported here. Densities and sound velocities, allowing for the determination of apparent molar volumes and compressibilities, were measured at 288.15-313.15 K. Changes in the apparent molar properties upon micellization were derived using a pseudo-phase-transition approach and the infinite dilution apparent molar volumes and compressibilities of the monomer and micellar state of C(5)SO(3)Na in the investigated solutions were determined. The values of the infinite dilution apparent molar properties of micellar states of C(5)SO(3)Na in aqueous polymer solutions are larger than those in pure water. Vapor-liquid equilibrium data such as water activity, vapor pressure, osmotic coefficient, activity coefficient and Gibbs free energies were obtained through isopiestic method at 298.15 K. The variations of the critical micelle concentration (CMC) of C(5)SO(3)Na in water and in aqueous PEG and PVP soluti...Continue Reading

References

Jul 9, 1999·Journal of Colloid and Interface Science·O AnnunziataV Vitagliano
Jul 9, 1999·Journal of Colloid and Interface Science·O AnnunziataV Vitagliano
Oct 19, 2006·Journal of Colloid and Interface Science·E FisicaroMonica Peroni

Related Concepts

1-pentanesulfonic acid, sodium salt
poly(N-vinylpyrrolidine)
Micelles
Vigilon
Polyvinyls
Pyrrolidines
Thermodynamics
Viscosity
Alkanesulfonic Acids
Critical Illness

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