Jan 1, 1976

Thermodynamic investigations of proteins. III. Thermodynamic description of lysozyme

Biophysical Chemistry
W Pfeil, P L Privalov

Abstract

Standard functions of enthalpy, entropy and the Gibbs energy of native and denatured lysozyme in the range of 0-100 degrees C and pH 1.5-7.0 are represented in three-dimensional projections. The denaturational Gibbs energy change reaches 16 kcal mol-1 at conditions of maximal protein stability (0 degrees C, pH 4.5-7.0) and equals 14.5 kcal mol-1 at 25 degrees C and neutral pH. This result was found to be in agreement with the data reported from guanidine hydrochloride denaturation studies. Partial thermodynamic functions of the conformational and ionizational changes of the protein are obtained from entropy and Gibbs-energy changes in denaturation. The conformational partial entropy and Gibbs-energy change are found to be independent of pH. The pH-dependent partial ionizational entropy and Gibbs-energy changes are induced by normalization of the ionization behaviour of buried groups and cause a decrease of protein stability.

  • References10
  • Citations67

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Thermodynamics
Energy Transfer
Projections and Predictions
Lysozyme Test
Plasma Protein Binding Capacity
Lysozyme
Calorimetry
Muramidase
Protein Conformation
Denaturation

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Bacterial Cell Wall Structure

Bacterial cell walls are made of peptidoglycan (also called murein), which is made from polysaccharide chains cross-linked by unusual peptides containing D-amino acids. Here is the latest research on bacterial cell wall structures.

Bacterial Cell Wall Structure (ASM)

Bacterial cell walls are made of peptidoglycan (also called murein), which is made from polysaccharide chains cross-linked by unusual peptides containing D-amino acids. Here is the latest research on bacterial cell wall structures.