May 2, 1995

Thermodynamic studies of the core histones: ionic strength and pH dependence of H2A-H2B dimer stability

Biochemistry
V KarantzaEvangelos N Moudrianakis

Abstract

The thermal stability of the core histone dimer H2A-H2B has been studied by high-sensitivity differential scanning calorimetry and circular dichroism spectroscopy. The unfolding transition temperature of the 28 kDa H2A-H2B dimer increases as a function of both the ionic strength of the solvent and the total protein concentration. At neutral pH and physiological ionic strength, the thermal denaturation is centered at about 50 degrees C with a corresponding enthalpy change of about 40 kcal/mol of 14 kDa monomer unit and an excess heat capacity of about 1.4 kcal/(K.mol) of 14 kDa monomer unit. The H2A-H2B dimer is stable mainly between pH 5.5 and 10.5. Below pH 4.0, the system is unfolded at all temperatures. The thermodynamic analysis is performed at low ionic strength where almost complete reversibility is attained, since higher salt conditions seem to promote aggregation and irreversibility of the transitions. Analysis of the data shows that at low ionic strength and pH values between 6.5 and 8.5, the H2A-H2B dimer behaves as a highly cooperative system, melting as a single unit without any detectable intermediates of dissociated, yet folded, H2A and H2B monomers. This is consistent with the observed protein concentration depen...Continue Reading

  • References22
  • Citations28

References

  • References22
  • Citations28

Mentioned in this Paper

Thermodynamics
Macromolecular Compounds
Histone antigen
Aggregation
Dimer
Denaturation
Calorimetry, Differential Scanning
Circular Dichroism, Vibrational
Protein Folding, Globular
Spectrum Analysis

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.