Jan 22, 2000

Thermolysis of coenzymes B12 at physiological temperatures: activation parameters for cobalt-carbon bond homolysis and a quantitative analysis of the perturbation of the homolysis equilibrium by the ribonucleoside triphosphate reductase from Lactobacillus leichmannii

Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
K L Brown, X Zou

Abstract

The kinetics of the thermolysis of 5'-deoxyadenosylcobalamin (AdoCbl, coenzyme B12) in aqueous solution, pH 7.5, have been studied in the temperature range 30-85 degrees C using AdoCbl tritiated at the adenine C2 position and the method of initial rates. Combined with a careful analysis of the distribution of adenine-containing products, the results permit the dissection of the competing rate constants for carbon-cobalt bond homolysis and heterolysis. After correction for the temperature-dependent occurrence of the much less reactive base-off species of AdoCbl, the activation parameters for homolysis of the base-on species were found to be delta H++homo,on = 33.8 +/- 0.2 kcal mol-1 and delta S++homo,on = 13.5 +/- 0.7 cal mol-1 K-1, values not significantly different from those determined by Hay and Finke (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 108 (1986) 4820), in the temperature range 85-115 degrees C. In contrast, the heterolysis of base-on AdoCbl was characterized by a much smaller enthalpy of activation (delta H++het,on = 18.5 +/- 0.2 kcal mol-1) and a negative entropy of activation (delta S++het,on = -34.0 +/- 0.7 cal mol-1 K-1) so that heterolysis, which is minor pathway at elevated temperatures, is the dominant pathway for AdoCbl decompositi...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Cobamides
3',4'-anhydroadenosylcobalamin
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Ribonucleotide Reductase
Ribonucleosides
Vitreous Carbon
SLC22A18 wt Allele
Enzymes for Treatment of Wounds and Ulcers
Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet

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