Jan 22, 2000

Thermolysis of coenzymes B12 at physiological temperatures: activation parameters for cobalt-carbon bond homolysis and a quantitative analysis of the perturbation of the homolysis equilibrium by the ribonucleoside triphosphate reductase from Lactobacillus leichmannii

Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
K L Brown, X Zou


The kinetics of the thermolysis of 5'-deoxyadenosylcobalamin (AdoCbl, coenzyme B12) in aqueous solution, pH 7.5, have been studied in the temperature range 30-85 degrees C using AdoCbl tritiated at the adenine C2 position and the method of initial rates. Combined with a careful analysis of the distribution of adenine-containing products, the results permit the dissection of the competing rate constants for carbon-cobalt bond homolysis and heterolysis. After correction for the temperature-dependent occurrence of the much less reactive base-off species of AdoCbl, the activation parameters for homolysis of the base-on species were found to be delta H++homo,on = 33.8 +/- 0.2 kcal mol-1 and delta S++homo,on = 13.5 +/- 0.7 cal mol-1 K-1, values not significantly different from those determined by Hay and Finke (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 108 (1986) 4820), in the temperature range 85-115 degrees C. In contrast, the heterolysis of base-on AdoCbl was characterized by a much smaller enthalpy of activation (delta H++het,on = 18.5 +/- 0.2 kcal mol-1) and a negative entropy of activation (delta S++het,on = -34.0 +/- 0.7 cal mol-1 K-1) so that heterolysis, which is minor pathway at elevated temperatures, is the dominant pathway for AdoCbl decompositi...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Ribonucleotide Reductase
Vitreous Carbon
SLC22A18 wt Allele
Enzymes for Treatment of Wounds and Ulcers
Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet

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