Thoracoabdominal Flap: a Simple Flap for Covering Large Post-mastectomy Soft Tissue Defects in Locally Advanced Breast Cancer

Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
S V Suryanarayana DeoB Sandeep

Abstract

Locally advanced breast cancer (LABC) constitutes 40-50% of breast cancer in developing countries. Large soft tissue defects after mastectomy often require some additional cover. The primary aim of reconstruction in this group should be an expeditious and simple closure with good-quality skin cover, early recovery, and short hospital stay so that the patients can receive early post-operative radio-chemotherapy. Thoracoabdominal (TA) flap is a type-c fasciocutaneous flap and the skin and fat of the upper abdomen are used, based on medial or lateral perforating vessels. We present our experience of TA flap cover for large post-mastectomy defects. A retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained breast cancer database in the Department of Surgical Oncology from January 1994 to December 2017 at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, was performed. The medical records of patients undergoing TA flap cover were analyzed to assess operative duration, blood loss, post-operative morbidity, hospital stay, adjuvant treatment, recurrence patterns, and survival outcome. A total of 3142 breast cancer patients underwent surgery, of which 1840 were LABC and 88 patients (4.13%) of LABC required flap cover for the closure of mast...Continue Reading

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