Three-dimensional US for Quantification of Volumetric Blood Flow: Multisite Multisystem Results from within the Quantitative Imaging Biomarkers Alliance

Radiology
Oliver D KripfgansJ Brian Fowlkes

Abstract

Background Quantitative blood flow (QBF) measurements that use pulsed-wave US rely on difficult-to-meet conditions. Imaging biomarkers need to be quantitative and user and machine independent. Surrogate markers (eg, resistive index) fail to quantify actual volumetric flow. Standardization is possible, but relies on collaboration between users, manufacturers, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Purpose To evaluate a Quantitative Imaging Biomarkers Alliance-supported, user- and machine-independent US method for quantitatively measuring QBF. Materials and Methods In this prospective study (March 2017 to March 2019), three different clinical US scanners were used to benchmark QBF in a calibrated flow phantom at three different laboratories each. Testing conditions involved changes in flow rate (1-12 mL/sec), imaging depth (2.5-7 cm), color flow gain (0%-100%), and flow past a stenosis. Each condition was performed under constant and pulsatile flow at 60 beats per minute, thus yielding eight distinct testing conditions. QBF was computed from three-dimensional color flow velocity, power, and scan geometry by using Gauss theorem. Statistical analysis was performed between systems and between laboratories. Systems and laboratori...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Biological Markers
Blood
Blood Flow Measurement
Blood Substitutes
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Laboratory
Problem
Standardization
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