Three variants of concealed bigeminy

Circulation
M N LevyJ R Levy

Abstract

Long electrocardiographic strips were analyzed from five patients who exhibited periods of typical "concealed bigeminy," i. e., recurrent unifocal extrasystoles which were separated from one another by odd numbers of normally conducted sinus beats. However, in each of these patients, there were periods in which one of three different variants of concealed bigeminy was observed. Three patients displayed an "even number" variant; i. e., there were large numbers of consecutive extrasystoles which were separated exclusively or preponderantly by even rather than by odd numbers of sinus beats. One other patient exhibited an "interpolated extrasystole" variant: those interectopic intervals which were initiated by an interpolated extrasystole contained an even number of sinus beats, whereas all other interectopic intervals contained an odd number. In the fifth patient, the distribution of the numbers of sinus beats separating extrasystoles was such as to suggest a periodic fluctuation between the classical forms of concealed bigeminy and concealed trigeminy; i. e., a "combined bigeminy and trigeminy" variant.

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