PMID: 10639210Jan 1, 1995

Thrombolysis in Acute Myocardial Infarction Complicated by Cardiogenic Shock

Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
G N Levine, J S Hochman

Abstract

The adverse impact of the development of cardiogenic shock in the setting of acute myocardial infarction was first described by Killip and Kimball in 1967. While the in-hospital mortality rate in patients with myocardial infarction and no evidence of heart failure was only 6%, the mortality rate in those patients who developed cardiogenic shock was 81%. Despite advances in cardiovascular care and therapy since that initial report, including universal institution of cardiac care units, advances in hemodynamic monitoring, new inotropic and vasodilating agents, and even increasing utilization of thrombolytic therapy, the mortality from acute myocardial infarction, when complicated by cardiogenic shock, remains disturbingly high, and cardiogenic shock remains the leading cause of death of hospitalized patients following acute myocardial infarction.The grave prognosis associated with this condition has resulted in increased interest in potential therapeutic interventions, particularly in the area of reperfusion therapy. Several studies suggest that, in contrast to the beneficial effects of thrombolytic therapy in most patient populations suffering acute myocardial infarction, mortality rates are not decreased in those patients with ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Myocardial Infarction
Entire Coronary Artery
Blood Flow
Vasodilator Agents
Hospitalized Patients
Coronary Artery
Cardiovascular Monitoring
Heart
Heart Ventricle
Physiological Reperfusion

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Cardiogenic Shock

Cardiogenic shock is a devastating consequence of acute myocardial infarction and is associated with an extremely high mortality. Here is the latest research.