Dec 2, 2010

Thrombolytics for cardiac arrest: case report and systematic review of controlled trials

The Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Jerrold PerrottPeter J Zed

Abstract

To describe a successful case involving the use of tenecteplase during cardiac arrest for presumed pulmonary embolism (PE) and to systematically review the evidence from controlled trials supporting the efficacy and safety of thrombolysis during cardiac arrest. A 48-year-old male presented to the emergency department with an acute onset of shortness of breath that began approximately 2 hours prior to presentation. Prior to undergoing a computed tomography (CT) scan to rule out PE, the patient went into cardiac arrest, with an initial rhythm of pulseless electrical activity at a rate of 140 beats/min. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was initiated and, due to suspected PE, a bolus dose of tenecteplase 50 mg was administered immediately following a single 1-mg dose of epinephrine. CPR was continued and 4 additional 1-mg doses of epinephrine and three 1-mg doses of atropine were given. After 13 minutes of CPR, return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) was achieved, with a blood pressure of 144/50 mm Hg. After the patient was stabilized, a CT scan demonstrated extensive bilateral pulmonary emboli in most segmental arteries. He was admitted to the intensive care unit where he was sedated, paralyzed, and treated with induced hypoth...Continue Reading

  • References25
  • Citations10

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Arterial System
Neurologic Manifestations
Pulmonary Embolism
Induced Hypothermia (Finding)
Atropine
X-Ray Computed Tomography
Atropinum, atropine
Warfarin
Actilyse
Epinephrine Measurement

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