PMID: 221911Apr 1, 1979Paper

Thyrotropin is not a growth factor for human thyroid cells in culture

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
B WestermarkO Wålinder


Thyroid cells, obtained from both normal human tissue and benign nodular goiter, were cultured and maintained in vitro in 4-18 passages. Cultures with confluent cells accumulated cyclic AMP (10-150 times the basal amount) upon addition of bovine thyrotropin (100 milliunits/ml), indicating that the cells in culture maintained a thyrotropin-sensitive adenylate cyclase system. Addition of high doses of thyrotropin also induced a characteristic and reversible change in the morphology of the cells. The effect of thyrotropin on cell growth was studied in short- and long-term experiments. Thyrotropin reduced [(3)H]thymidine incorporation in a dose-dependent fashion in all cultures of thyroid cells. The maximal inhibition over a 24-hr period was about 50%. The thyroid cells were notably sensitive, and the half-maximal effect occurred at about 100 milliunits of thyrotropin per ml. In contrast, the hormone had no effect on [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation into human glial cells. Low doses of thyrotropin also had no effect on human fibroblasts and, at high doses, a stimulation of [(3)H]thymidine incorporation was seen. Thyroid cell cultures grown in the presence of 10 milliunits of thyrotropin per ml for 7-14 days had a slower growth rate a...Continue Reading


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