Jun 1, 1993

Time course and duration of bronchodilatation with formoterol dry powder in patients with stable asthma

Thorax
A WallinB Melander

Abstract

Formoterol, a new beta 2 agonist, is long and fast acting when given as an aerosol. The aim was to determine the onset and duration of bronchodilatation with formoterol as a dry powder compared with salbutamol dry powder and with placebo. Fifteen patients with stable asthma with a reversibility of 15% or more participated in a double blind, within patient study. On five different days the patients received formoterol 6 micrograms, 12 micrograms, or 24 micrograms, salbutamol 400 micrograms, or placebo in random order. Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) was measured 10 minutes before, 30 minutes after, and then every hour for up to 12 hours after treatment. Specific airway resistance (sRaw) and specific airway conductance (sGaw) were measured immediately before and one, three, five, 10, 15, and 30 minutes after treatment. Formoterol 12 micrograms and 24 micrograms caused bronchodilatation as rapidly as salbutamol 400 micrograms. Peak values were not significantly different in the active treatments. The duration of action, calculated as median time with 20% or more of the maximum achieved increase in FEV1, was sustained for 9 hours and 16 minutes with salbutamol 400 micrograms, for 9 hours and 45 minutes with formoterol...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Inhalation of Drugs
Sultanol
Airway Resistance
Broncholytic Effect
Formoterol
Bronchodilator Effect
Vaporizers
Asthma
Forced Expiratory Volume Procedure
Ethanolamines

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