PMID: 7939074Sep 27, 1994Paper

Time of drug intake in hypertension and angina pectoris. A controlled monitoring study

Schweizerische Rundschau für Medizin Praxis = Revue suisse de médecine Praxis
P ErneG Heynen


A prospective cross-over study was performed in a general practice environment to assess and compare compliance data obtained by electronic monitoring on a BID or QD regimen in 113 patients with hypertension or angina pectoris. All patients were on a BID regimen (nifedipine SR) during the first month and switched to QD regimen (amlodipine) for another month. Taking compliance (i.e. the proportion of days with correct dosing) improved in 30% of patients (95% confidence interval 19 to 41%, p < 0.001), when switching from a BID to a QD regimen, but at the same time there was a 15% increase (95% confidence interval 5 to 25%, p < 0.02) in the number of patients with one or more no-dosing days. About 8% of patients had a low compliance rate, irrespective of the dosage regimen. Actual dosage intervals were used to estimate extent and timing of periods with unsatisfactory drug activity for various hypothetical drug durations of action, and it appears that the apparent advantage of QD regimen in terms of compliance is clinically meaningful only, when the duration of activity extents beyond the dosage interval in all patients.

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