Mar 31, 2012

Time-resolved infrared detection of the proton and protein dynamics during photosynthetic oxygen evolution

Takumi NoguchiChihiro Kato


Photosynthetic oxygen evolution by plants and cyanobacteria is performed by water oxidation at the Mn(4)CaO(5) cluster in photosystem II. The reaction is known to proceed via a light-driven cycle of five intermediates called S(i) states (i = 0-4). However, the detailed reaction processes during the intermediate transitions remain unresolved. In this study, we have directly detected the proton and protein dynamics during the oxygen-evolving reactions using time-resolved infrared spectroscopy. The time courses of the absorption changes at 1400 and 2500 cm(-1), which represent the reactions and/or interaction changes of carboxylate groups and the changes in proton polarizability of strong hydrogen bonds, respectively, were monitored upon flash illumination. The results provided experimental evidence that during the S(3) → S(0) transition, drastic proton rearrangement, most likely reflecting the release of a proton from the catalytic site, takes place to form a transient state before the oxidation of the Mn(4)CaO(5) cluster that leads to O(2) formation. Early proton movement was also detected during the S(2) → S(3) transition. These observations reveal the common mechanism in which proton release facilitates the transfer of an elec...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
Infrared Spectroscopy
Hydrogen Bonding
Catalytic Domain
Illumination Technique

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