Timing of onset of contraceptive effectiveness in Norplant implant users. II. Effect on the ovarian function in the first cycle of use

V BracheAnibal Faundes


The objective of this study was to time the onset of contraceptive effectiveness in Norplant implant users, when the capsules were inserted beyond the first 7 days of the cycle, based on the immediate effect on the ovarian activity. A total of 42 healthy women requesting Norplant implant contraception were enrolled at clinics in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, and in Baltimore, Maryland. Implants were inserted on days 8-13 of the menstrual cycle. Blood samples for estradiol (E2), progesterone (P), luteinizing hormone (LH) (in a subset of 12 women), and levonogestrel (LNG) assay, were taken at 0 h and at 6, 12, 24, 72, and 168 h postinsertion. Ovulation, as defined by P > 2.5 ng/mL, occurred in 40% of subjects. A short lasting, frequently blunted, LH peak occurred within 12 h postinsertion, in all these subjects. The remaining subjects had anovulatory cycles with two distinct E2 profiles: continuously increasing E2 levels to a high mean of 414.3 pg/mL (28%), or no sustained increase in E2 (32%). Most cycles (86%) in which Norplant was inserted with high E2 levels (> 175 pg/mL) were ovulatory, whereas none were ovulatory with low E2 (< 100 pg/mL) at insertion. Based on the endocrine effects of Norplant implant insertion in the...Continue Reading


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