Tinea Unguium: Diagnosis and Treatment in Practice

Mycopathologia
Daniel Asz-SigallRoberto Arenas

Abstract

Onychomycosis is caused by dermatophytes, yeasts or non-dermatophyte molds; when caused by dermatophytes, it is called tinea unguium. The main etiological agents are Trichophyton rubrum and Trichophyton interdigitale. The most frequent types are distal and lateral subungual onychomycosis. Diagnosis usually requires mycological laboratory confirmation. Dermoscopy can be helpful and also biopsy is an excellent diagnostic method in uncommon cases or when mycological test is negative. Treatment must be chosen according to clinical type, number of affected nails and severity. The goal for antifungal therapy is the clearing of clinical signs or mycological cure.

References

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Citations

Oct 19, 2019·Advances in Skin & Wound Care·R Gary SibbaldDavid G Armstrong
Jul 13, 2019·Mycopathologia·Murat DurduG Sybren de Hoog
Mar 15, 2018·Medical Mycology·Yvonne GräserSybren de Hoog
Sep 1, 2019·Mycopathologia·Aline Chiodi BorgesCristiane Yumi Koga-Ito
Jul 4, 2018·Mycopathologia·Alena GabrielováMiroslav Kolařík
Nov 27, 2020·Journal of Fungi·Monise Fazolin PetrucelliAna Lúcia Fachin
Dec 1, 2020·Medical Mycology Journal·Nami Hasegawa, Kazutoshi Shibuya
May 25, 2021·Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis·Hossein KhodadadiKeyvan Pakshir
Jun 8, 2021·Critical Reviews in Microbiology·Roxana G VitaleG Sybren de Hoog

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Methods Mentioned

BETA
biopsy
PCR

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