Oct 17, 2015

Tissue factor expression by myeloid cells contributes to protective immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection

European Journal of Immunology
Sambasivan VenkatasubramanianRamakrishna Vankayalapati

Abstract

Tissue factor (TF) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that plays an essential role in hemostasis by activating coagulation. TF is also expressed by monocytes/macrophages as part of the innate immune response to infections. In the current study, we determined the role of TF expressed by myeloid cells during Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) infection by using mice lacking the TF gene in myeloid cells (TF(Δ) ) and human monocyte derived macrophages (MDMs). We found that during M. tb infection, a deficiency of TF in myeloid cells was associated with reduced inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, enhanced arginase 1 (Arg1) expression, enhanced IL-10 production and reduced apoptosis in infected macrophages, which augmented M. tb growth. Our results demonstrate that a deficiency of TF in myeloid cells promotes M2-like phenotype in M .tb infected macrophages. A deficiency in TF expression by myeloid cells was also associated with reduced fibrin deposition and increased matrix metalloproteases (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 mediated inflammation in M. tb infected lungs. Our studies demonstrate that TF expressed by myeloid cells has newly recognized abilities to polarize macrophages and to regulate M. tb growth.

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

ISYNA1 gene
Study
Immune Response
Arg1 protein, mouse
Methylene dimethanesulfonate
Lung
Tuberculosis
Cell Polarity
Integral Membrane Proteins
Regulation of Growth

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