Nov 21, 2014

Bifidobacterium breve UCC2003 induces a distinct global transcriptomic programme in neonatal murine intestinal epithelial cells

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Nadezda Kryuchkova-MostacciLJ Hall

Abstract

Bifidobacterium is an important gut microbiota member during early life that is associated with improved gut health. However, the underlying health-driving mechanisms are not well understood, particularly how Bifidobacterium may modulate the intestinal barrier via programming of intestinal epithelial cells (IECs). In this study, we sought to investigate the global impact of model strain Bifidobacterium breve UCC2003 on the neonatal IEC transcriptome, including gene regulation and pathway modulation. Small IECs from two-week-old neonatal mice administered B. breve UCC2003 for three consecutive days or PBS (control group) were subjected to global RNASeq, with various bioinformatic approaches used to determine differentially expressed genes, pathways and affected cell types between control and experimental groups. Whilst colonisation with B. breve had minimal impacts on the neonatal microbiota, we observed extensive regulation of the IEC transcriptome; ~4,000 genes significantly up-regulated, including key genes associated with epithelial barrier function. Enrichment of cell differentiation and cell proliferation pathways were observed, along with an overrepresentation of stem cell marker genes, indicating an increase in the regen...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Benign Neoplasm of Testis
Size
Genes
Neoplasm of Uncertain or Unknown Behavior of Testis
Yeasts
Total Tissue
Organ
Gene Expression
Site
Testis

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