PMID: 2656672May 15, 1989

Titration studies on the active sites of pig heart lipoamide dehydrogenase and yeast glutathione reductase as monitored by the charge transfer absorbance

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
L Sahlman, C H Williams


Macroscopic pKa values associated with the influence of pH on the visible spectrum of 2-electron reduced pig heart lipoamide dehydrogenase and yeast glutathione reductase have been determined by monitoring changes in the principal flavin band near 460 nm and the charge transfer band at 540 nm. The ionization of at least three active site amino acid side chains can influence the spectra over the range of pH studied: the two nascent thiols (interchange thiol and electron transfer thiol) and the histidine residue which acts as the base catalyst in lipoamide dehydrogenase and the acid catalyst in glutathione reductase thiol-disulfide interchange reactions. These systems are analogous to, but more complex than, those in glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase and papain where a single thiol and a histidine residue in a relatively apolar milieu form a thiolate-imidazolium ion pair which is favored over the thiol-imidazole prototropic tautomer. In an effort to more nearly mimic the papain titrations, the macroscopic pKa values were determined on reduced glutathione reductase which had been monoalkylated with iodoacetamide under conditions known to favor the reaction of the interchange thiol by at least 10 to 1 (Arscott, L. D., Thorpe...Continue Reading

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