Nov 26, 2019

Tobacco-Free Pharmacies and U.S. Adult Smoking Behavior: Evidence From CVS Health's Removal of Tobacco Sales

American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Fatma Romeh M AliPaul C Melstrom


Beginning September 3, 2014, CVS Health stopped selling tobacco products in all of its retail stores nationwide. This study assessed the impact of removing tobacco sales from CVS Health on cigarette smoking behaviors among U.S. adult smokers. CVS Health retail location data (2012-2016) were linked with data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a phone-based survey of the non-institutionalized civilian population aged ≥18 years. Using a difference-in-differences regression model, quit attempts and daily versus nondaily smoking were compared between smokers living in counties with CVS stores and counties without CVS stores, before and after CVS's removal of tobacco sales. Control variables included individuals' sociodemographic and health-related variables, state tobacco control variables, and urban status of counties. Analyses were conducted in 2018. During the 2-year period following the removal of tobacco sales from CVS Health, smokers living in counties with high CVS density (≥3.5 CVS stores per 100,000 people) had a 2.21% (95% CI=0.08, 4.33) increase in their quit attempt rates compared with smokers living in counties without CVS stores. This effect was greater in urban areas (marginal effect: 3.03%, 95% CI=0...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Pharmacy Facility
Cardiovascular Procedures
Health Care Systems
Chorionic Villi Sampling
Health Surveys
Regression Analysis

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