Tooth auto-transplantation with double periodontal ligament stimulation to replace periodontally compromised teeth

Journal of Periodontology
Philippe C Gault, Rita Warocquier-Clerout


The healing process of autotransplantation puts 2 different tissues in competition: the ligament on the root surface and the bone tissue of the alveolus. This study shows the effects of a protocol with 2 surgical stages, which promote ligament repair, inhibit adhesion between bone and dental root, and reduce the occurrence of the ankylosis-root resorption phenomenon. Forty-three patients, 33 to 73 years old, received 47 transplantations of mature teeth (including retained teeth) during a 5-year period. During the first surgical step, the transplanted tooth is extracted, measured, immediately replaced in its origin site, and maintained with an original suture technique. The alveolus to which the tooth will be transplanted is adapted after extraction of the periodontally compromised tooth. The second surgery occurs at day 14, when regeneration of periodontal ligament (PDL) is at a maximum (first stimulation). The tooth is transplanted in its new alveolus and retained using the same suture technique to avoid a rigid splint and to create mechanical stimulation of the PDL (second stimulation). The results were 95.75% positive with normal PDL, with a 4.25% failure rate (transplant loss) and no ankylosis. Mean probing reduction was 8....Continue Reading


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