PMID: 1315212Jun 1, 1992

Topical application of WR-2721 to prevent radiation-induced proctosigmoiditis. A phase I/II trial

G S MontanaE F Gaydica


Patients undergoing x-ray therapy to the pelvis have intestinal symptoms proportional to the volume treated and the dose delivered. WR-2721, S-2 (3-aminopropylaminoethyl) phosphorothioic acid, is an organic thiophosphate compound that selectively protects normal tissues against radiation effects. A Phase I/II study was done to test the ability of topical application of WR-2721 to protect the mucosa of the rectosigmoid from radiation damage. Thirty-one patients were enrolled in this study, of which, seven were control subjects. Twenty-four patients received WR-2721 daily, in enema form, 45 minutes before treatment. The patients were assigned by groups of three to receive increasing doses of WR-2721 beginning with 100 mg/enema to 450 mg/enema. Rectal mucosal biopsies were obtained within the treated field before, during, and at the end of therapy. The degree of damage to the rectal mucosa was scored on the basis of a 0 to 4 scale (with 0, least damage to 4, most damage) as determined by the percentage of damaged mucosal crypt glands. The patients' symptoms were recorded once a week during the entire course of therapy. The biopsy scores of the control group were slightly higher than those of the treatment groups; however, this dif...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Administration, Topical
Drug Evaluation
Structure of Intestinal Gland
Rectocolitis, Ulcerative
Radiation Syndrome

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