Jun 24, 2019

Topographic specificity of alpha power during auditory spatial attention

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Yuqi DengBarbara Shinn-Cunningham

Abstract

Visual and somatosensory spatial attention both induce parietal alpha (7-14 Hz) oscillations whose topographical distribution depends on the direction of spatial attentional focus. In the auditory domain, contrasts of parietal alpha power for leftward and rightward attention reveal a qualitatively similar lateralization; however, it is not clear whether alpha lateralization changes monotonically with the direction of auditory attention as it does for visual spatial attention. In addition, most previous studies of alpha oscillation did not consider subject-specific differences in alpha frequency, but simply analyzed power in a fixed spectral band. Here, we recorded electroencephalography in human subjects when they directed attention to one of five azimuthal locations. After a cue indicating the direction of an upcoming target sequence of spoken syllables (yet before the target began), alpha power changed in a task specific manner. Subject-specific peak alpha frequencies differed consistently between frontocentral electrodes and parieto-occipital electrodes, suggesting multiple neural generators of task-related alpha. Parieto-occipital alpha increased over the hemisphere ipsilateral to attentional focus compared to the contralat...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Spatial Memory
Study
Biological Neural Networks
Electroencephalography
Spatial Distribution
Contralateral
Parieto-Occipital Artery
Location
Parietal Arteries
Analysis

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