PMID: 2522990Apr 1, 1989Paper

Topography and conformational preferences of 6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-1-hydroxy-N,N-dipropyl-5H-benzocyclohepten-6- ylamin e. A rationale for the dopaminergic inactivity

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
A KarlénU Hacksell

Abstract

In an attempt to rationalize the inability of phenolic benzocycloheptenylamines to activate dopamine (DA) D2 receptors, we have studied the conformational preferences and topography of 6,7,8,9-tetrahydro-1-hydroxy-N,N-dipropyl-5H-benzocyclohepten-6-++ +ylamine (1). Preferred conformations of 1 have been defined by use of experimental (NMR spectroscopic studies) and theoretical (MMP2, AM1, and MNDO calculations) methods. Topographical characteristics were studied by use of molecular graphics. Results from the MMP2 calculations agree with those from the AM1 calculations and the NMR spectroscopic study--1 seems to preferentially adopt chair conformations with a pseudoequatorial C6 substituent. The MNDO calculations, however, produced results that deviate considerably from those of the other theoretical methods. Most likely, pharmacophore conformations of (S)-1 do not present volumes that are part of the DA D2 receptor essential volume. Therefore, it appears that the energy penalty paid by the pharmacophore conformations is responsible for the dopaminergic inactivity of (S)-1. The inactivity of (R)-1 may be due to high energies of pharmacophore conformations and/or to steric factors since these conformations produce large excess vo...Continue Reading

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