Total cavopulmonary connection in complex heart defects with a single functional ventricle
Zeitschrift für Kardiologie
A GamillschegD Dacar
Nineteen children aged between 1.5 and 9.8 years (10 patients younger than 4 years) underwent total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) for complex congenital heart defects other than tricuspid atresia. Diagnoses included double inlet left ventricle (n = 11), transposition of the great arteries with a large ventricular septal defect (n = 4), double outlet right ventricle (n = 2), congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries with a large ventricular septal defect (n = 1) and criss-cross heart (n = 1). Two patients had situs ambiguous with polysplenia syndrome and four patients had anomalous systemic venous return. Thirty-six palliative procedures were performed in 15 patients before TCPC. The patients were selected according to the selection criteria of Choussat and Fontan. Four patients (21%) died between the 1st and 12th postoperative day because of low cardiac output syndrome (n = 2), supraventricular tachycardia unresponsive to treatment (n = 1), and cerebral edema (n = 1). In one patient take down of TCPC was performed for persistent low cardiac output syndrome. Four of these five patients were younger than 4 years old and had one or more additional risk factors. Postoperative complications were persistent pleural...Continue Reading
Birth defects encompass structural and functional alterations that occur during embryonic or fetal development and are present since birth. The cause may be genetic, environmental or unknown and can result in physical and/or mental impairment. Here is the latest research on birth defects.