Jan 15, 2000

Total warm ischemia and reperfusion impairs flow in all rat gut layers but increases leukocyte-vessel wall interactions in the submucosa only

Annals of Surgery
R J BeukM G oude Egbrink

Abstract

To study the effect of warm ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) on local perfusion and leukocyte-vessel wall interactions in vivo in all small bowel layers, and to quantify small bowel tissue injury histologically and by measuring intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) release from the enterocytes. Gut injury as a result of I/R plays a pivotal role in a variety of clinical conditions, such as small bowel transplantation, heart or aortic surgery, and (septic) shock. The precise mechanism behind I/R injury and the role of microvascular changes remain unclear. The influence of warm I/R of the gut on microvascular parameters in the different gut layers has not been studied before. Anesthetized Lewis rats were either subjected to 30 minutes of ischemia and 1 hour of reperfusion or sham-treated as controls. After ligating the inferior mesenteric artery, total warm ischemia was induced by clamping the superior mesenteric artery. Intravital video microscopic measurements were obtained at intervals. Tissue injury of the small bowel and other organs was histologically evaluated afterward. In addition, plasma levels of I-FABP were determined to measure enterocyte damage. After ischemia, mean red blood cell velocity decreased significan...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Ischemia
In Vivo
Reperfusion Injury
Inferior
Anatomical Layer
Salicylhydroxamic acid
FABP2 gene
Blood Flow Velocity
Superior Mesenteric Artery Structure
Entire Inferior Mesenteric Artery

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.