Apr 28, 2012

Towards accurate detection and genotyping of expressed variants from whole transcriptome sequencing data

BMC Genomics
Jorge DuitamaIon I Măndoiu

Abstract

Massively parallel transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq) is becoming the method of choice for studying functional effects of genetic variability and establishing causal relationships between genetic variants and disease. However, RNA-Seq poses new technical and computational challenges compared to genome sequencing. In particular, mapping transcriptome reads onto the genome is more challenging than mapping genomic reads due to splicing. Furthermore, detection and genotyping of single nucleotide variants (SNVs) requires statistical models that are robust to variability in read coverage due to unequal transcript expression levels. In this paper we present a strategy to more reliably map transcriptome reads by taking advantage of the availability of both the genome reference sequence and transcript databases such as CCDS. We also present a novel Bayesian model for SNV discovery and genotyping based on quality scores. Experimental results on RNA-Seq data generated from blood cell tissue of three Hapmap individuals show that our methods yield increased accuracy compared to several widely used methods. The open source code implementing our methods, released under the GNU General Public License, is available at http://dna.engr.uconn.edu/...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Genome
Sequence Determinations, RNA
Computer Programs and Programming
Genomics
Sequencing
Nuclear mRNA Cis Splicing, via Spliceosome
Nucleotides
RNA Splicing
High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
Bayesian Prediction

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