Sep 20, 2018

Toxicity of copper oxide nanoparticles to Neotropical species Ceriodaphnia silvestrii and Hyphessobrycon eques

Environmental Pollution
Adrislaine S MansanoValtencir Zucolotto

Abstract

The increase of production and consumption of copper oxide nanostructures in several areas contributes to their release into aquatic ecosystems. Toxic effects of copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs), in particular, on tropical aquatic organisms are still unknown, representing a risk for biota. In this study, the effects of rod-shaped CuO NPs on the Neotropical species Ceriodaphnia silvestrii and Hyphessobrycon eques were investigated. We also compared the toxicity of CuO NPs and CuCl2 on these species to investigate the contribution of particles and cupper ions to the CuO NPs toxicity. Considering the low copper ions release from CuO NPs (<1%), our results revealed that the toxicity of CuO NPs to C. silvestrii and H. eques was mainly induced by the NPs. The 48 h EC50 for C. silvestrii was 12.6 ± 0.7 μg Cu L-1 and for H. eques the 96 h LC50 was 211.4 ± 57.5 μg Cu L-1 of CuO NPs. There was significant decrease in reproduction, feeding inhibition and increase in reactive oxidative species (ROS) generation in C. silvestrii exposed to CuO NPs. In fish H. eques, sublethal exposure to CuO NPs caused an increase in ROS generation in gill cells and an increase in cells number that were in early apoptotic and necrotic stages. Our results...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Biochemical Pathway
Hypocupremia
Necrosis
Perenox
Aquatic Organisms
Reproduction
Hyphessobrycon eques
Ions
Oxidative Stress

Related Feeds

Apoptosis

Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis

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