PMID: 5970465Sep 1, 1966Paper

Toxicity to rats of corn invaded by Chaetomium globosum

Applied Microbiology
C M ChristensenC E Dorworth


Of 53 isolates of Chaetomium globosum Kunze isolated from corn, manufactured feed, and fiberboard, grown on autoclaved corn, and fed to rats, 25 were lethal within 4 to 6 days. Thirty-six single ascospore cultures of one isolate were uniformly lethal when similarly grown and fed to rats. Incubation of the fungus on corn for 6 to 8 weeks resulted in greater toxicity than shorter incubation times. Premortem symptoms indicated damage to the central nervous system of the affected animals, and postmortem lesions included hemoglobinuria, hemorrhagic enteritis, and subdural hemorrhaging. Corn invaded by C. globosum and toxic to rats had no detectable effects on swine when fed as their sole ration for 6 weeks, and appeared to be consumed with relish. The toxic substance was best obtained by defatting the fungus-invaded corn with petroleum ether (bp, 60 to 70 C), extraction with acetone, and further purification by elution from a silica gel column with acetone and 5% acetone in chloroform.

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