PMID: 9738772Sep 17, 1998Paper

Toxin-mediated streptococcal and staphylococcal disease

Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
S M Manders


After several decades of seemingly decreasing virulence, streptococcal and staphylococcal infections have reemerged as a major source of morbidity and mortality. Within the past 2 decades, not only have well-established diseases such as rheumatic fever begun to reappear. but also many new entities, such as toxic shock syndrome, streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, recurrent toxin-mediated perineal erythema, and recalcitrant erythematous desquamating disorder have been described. Central to the renewed importance of these bacteria has been the production of circulating toxins, which often function as superantigens in causing the clinical manifestations, morbidity and mortality associated with these diseases.


Aug 11, 1977·The New England Journal of Medicine·G Peter, A L Smith
May 1, 1990·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·M A Ferguson, J K Todd
Aug 7, 1986·The New England Journal of Medicine·J W NewburgerS P Sanders
Nov 1, 1989·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Y W ChoiJ W Kappler
Nov 10, 1989·JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association·M R WallaceE C Oldfield
Aug 1, 1987·Molecular & General Genetics : MGG·G A Bohach, P M Schlievert
Mar 1, 1988·The Journal of Experimental Medicine·C JupinM Parant
Apr 1, 1988·The British Journal of Dermatology·C A Henderson, A S Highet
May 1, 1986·Molecular & General Genetics : MGG·L P JohnsonP M Schlievert
Aug 1, 1986·Annals of Internal Medicine·J Sparano, E Ferranti
May 1, 1974·The British Journal of Dermatology·J J LeydenA M Kligman
Apr 1, 1981·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·P M SchlievertR D Nishimura
Jun 1, 1982·Annals of Internal Medicine·S M LarkinZ Posalaky
Jul 1, 1995·International Journal of Dermatology·M C Morantes, B A Lipsky
Nov 1, 1995·The Journal of Clinical Investigation·D Y LeungM Kotb
Jun 1, 1995·Rinsho byori. The Japanese journal of clinical pathology·K Machida
Apr 1, 1995·Archives of Disease in Childhood·N CurtisM Levin
Sep 27, 1994·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·J C ChangD J Carlo
Jun 1, 1993·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·B DemersD E Low
May 1, 1993·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·P M Schlievert
Jan 1, 1996·Archives of Dermatology·S M MandersP M Schlievert
Apr 1, 1996·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·M S ChausseeJ J Ferretti
Aug 1, 1996·Annals of Emergency Medicine·M J AultR Sokolov
Jul 1, 1996·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·A ShahE J Abrams
Jul 1, 1996·Molecular Immunology·R MakidaD Y Leung
Nov 1, 1996·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·J G WagnerK Komadina
Mar 1, 1964·Archives of Dermatology·H J WHYTE, R D BAUGHMAN


Nov 27, 2002·Indian Journal of Pediatrics·Seema SatyapalMamta Vaidya
May 28, 2004·Indian Journal of Pediatrics·Rashna DassSunit Singhi
Nov 30, 2000·Current Infectious Disease Reports·G J Baracco, A L Bisno
Dec 29, 2007·Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology·Yu-Tsan LinBor-Luen Chiang
Jul 13, 2002·The Journal of Emergency Medicine·Kevin L FoxMerrill A Cohen
Dec 11, 1999·Clinics in Dermatology·L E Millikan, T C Flynn
Dec 1, 1999·Infectious Disease Clinics of North America·G S Schuster
Feb 16, 2000·Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology : Official Publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology·M O Taskapan, P Kumar
Apr 8, 2003·The Lancet Infectious Diseases·A L BisnoC M Collins
Dec 12, 2001·Pediatric Dermatology·I BetllochJ Bañuls
Mar 5, 2009·Rheumatology·Cristina C BeliznaYehuda Shoenfeld
Nov 11, 1999·Current Opinion in Pediatrics·H S ZhuE Shapiro
Apr 20, 2005·Annals of Plastic Surgery·Ashley N Agerson, Edwin G Wilkins
Mar 5, 2010·Pediatric Dermatology·Candrice HeathNanette B Silverberg
Feb 26, 2000·Academic Emergency Medicine : Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine·L Chan, B Chinnock
Jul 29, 2005·Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy·Elisabeth KugelbergDiarmaid Hughes
Sep 20, 2011·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Yuichi OogaiHitoshi Komatsuzawa
Mar 22, 2005·Paediatric Drugs·Yu-Yu ChuangTzou-Yien Lin
Mar 31, 2011·Medicinski pregled·Ljiljana GvozdenovićSasa Milić
Mar 26, 2002·American Journal of Veterinary Research·Daniel O MorrisPeter J Felsburg
Jun 23, 2012·Annales de dermatologie et de vénéréologie·A SchoefflerF Truchetet
Feb 15, 2011·Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology·Edgar S MaciasBijan Safai
Apr 7, 2010·The American Journal of Medicine·Nicole F Vélez, Arturo P Saavedra-Lauzon
Oct 20, 2010·Pediatric Annals·David R Berk, Susan J Bayliss
Nov 23, 2007·Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV·V PallureO Dereure
Nov 14, 2001·Dermatologic Clinics·S M Manders
Jun 27, 2003·Primary Care·Nasreen A Bhumbra, Sophia G McCullough
May 22, 2003·Dermatologic Clinics·Mary E Garman, Ida Orengo
Apr 2, 2005·Clinics in Dermatology·Erika Gaines Levine, S M Manders
Apr 2, 2005·Clinics in Dermatology·Marcia Ramos-e-Silva, Ana Libia Cardozo Pereira
Feb 16, 2008·The British Journal of Dermatology·A L CogenR L Gallo
Nov 3, 2007·Skinmed·Eric R Howell, Charles M Phillips
Jun 7, 2011·The American Journal of Pathology·Ashenafi Y TilahunGovindarajan Rajagopalan
Dec 12, 2007·Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery·Lauren C Hughey
Apr 2, 2002·The Journal of Investigative Dermatology. Symposium Proceedings·K ChillerG J Murakawa
Apr 29, 2014·Anais Brasileiros De Dermatologia·Luciana Baptista Pereira
Mar 31, 2004·Scandinavian Journal of Immunology·K PeterssonB Walse
Jun 6, 2002·Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV·M Duarte ReisF Guerra Rodrigo
Dec 3, 1999·The British Journal of Dermatology·N H Cox
Nov 15, 2016·Future Microbiology·Francesco DragoFrancesco Broccolo
Jan 19, 2019·MicrobiologyOpen·Kaoru AriiHitoshi Komatsuzawa
Apr 15, 2006·Journal of Korean Medical Science·Kyu Han KimHee Chul Eun
Dec 20, 2005·The Journal of Pathology·Hitoshi KomatsuzawaMotoyuki Sugai
Mar 22, 2006·Dermatology : International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology·Markus Braun-FalcoWolf-Ingo Worret
Feb 23, 2020·Applied and Environmental Microbiology·Miki Kawada-MatsuoHitoshi Komatsuzawa
Oct 26, 2001·Postgraduate Medicine·N C Issa, R L Thompson
Jul 28, 2016·World Journal of Clinical Cases·Shalini Dewan DuggalSanjay Chaudhary
Feb 29, 2000·Pediatric Annals·J P Louie, C R Jacobstein

Related Concepts

Bacterial Toxins
Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome
Endotoxic Shock
Staphylococcal Infections
Staphylococcal Skin Infections
Staphylococcus aureus
Streptococcal Infections
Bacteria, Flesh-Eating

Related Feeds

CRISPR & Staphylococcus

CRISPR-Cas system enables the editing of genes to create or correct mutations. Staphylococci are associated with life-threatening infections in hospitals, as well as the community. Here is the latest research on how CRISPR-Cas system can be used for treatment of Staphylococcal infections.

Related Papers

Archives of Dermatology
S M MandersP M Schlievert
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Edgar S MaciasBijan Safai
The Lancet Infectious Diseases
Emma Lappin, Andrew J Ferguson
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved