PMID: 327784Jul 1, 1977Paper

TQ-ST segment mapping: critical review and analysis of current concepts

The American Journal of Cardiology
R P Holland, H Brooks


Controversy and confusion surround many aspects of TQ-ST segment mapping today. Technical standards pertaining to the recording and measurement of the TQ-ST deflection have not been uniformly established nor has the correlative value of the deflection as an indicator of myocardial injury been clearly ascertained. The TQ-ST deflection is believed to originate primarily although not exclusively as a result of extracellular potassium accumulation in the ischemic region and subsequent establishment of a transmembrane potential gradient during diastole and systole at the ischemic boundary. Nonspatial factors (including electrolytes, antiarrhythmic agents, heart rate) influence the TQ-ST deflection by altering this gradient. Spatial factors (including ischemic area and shape, electrode location) alter the relative position of the ischemic boundary to the electrode site and as such can be analyzed with the solid angle theorem. Further study of the complex behavior of the TQ-ST segment deflection, particularly in the presence of pharmacologic intervention, is necessary before mapping techniques can be used reliably in clinical studies designed to quantitate and modify ischemic damage.


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