Trace Amines and Their Receptors

Pharmacological Reviews
Raul R GainetdinovMark D Berry


Trace amines are endogenous compounds classically regarded as comprising β-phenylethyalmine, p-tyramine, tryptamine, p-octopamine, and some of their metabolites. They are also abundant in common foodstuffs and can be produced and degraded by the constitutive microbiota. The ability to use trace amines has arisen at least twice during evolution, with distinct receptor families present in invertebrates and vertebrates. The term "trace amine" was coined to reflect the low tissue levels in mammals; however, invertebrates have relatively high levels where they function like mammalian adrenergic systems, involved in "fight-or-flight" responses. Vertebrates express a family of receptors termed trace amine-associated receptors (TAARs). Humans possess six functional isoforms (TAAR1, TAAR2, TAAR5, TAAR6, TAAR8, and TAAR9), whereas some fish species express over 100. With the exception of TAAR1, TAARs are expressed in olfactory epithelium neurons, where they detect diverse ethological signals including predators, spoiled food, migratory cues, and pheromones. Outside the olfactory system, TAAR1 is the most thoroughly studied and has both central and peripheral roles. In the brain, TAAR1 acts as a rheostat of dopaminergic, glutamatergic, an...Continue Reading


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Mar 11, 2016·PloS One·Seong-Il EyunEtsuko N Moriyama
Apr 30, 2016·Expert Reviews in Molecular Medicine·Jyoti Chhibber-GoelAmit Sharma
Apr 30, 2016·Brain Research Bulletin·Theresa M Carbonaro, Michael B Gatch
May 18, 2016·Drug Metabolism and Disposition : the Biological Fate of Chemicals·Diede FennemaElizabeth A Shephard
May 22, 2016·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Luis R SaraivaLinda B Buck
Jun 9, 2016·The Journal of Biological Chemistry·Anthony E Pegg
Jul 4, 2016·Brain & Development·Karin KojimaTakanori Yamagata
Jul 5, 2016·Frontiers in Microbiology·Enrica Pessione, Simona Cirrincione
Jul 8, 2016·Nature·Justin L Sonnenburg, Fredrik Bäckhed
Jul 8, 2016·Nature·Christoph A ThaissEran Elinav
Jul 8, 2016·Nature·Kenya Honda, Dan R Littman
Jul 14, 2016·Journal of Food Science and Technology·K B BijiT K Srinivasa Gopal
Aug 2, 2016·Current Biology : CB·Marta AndrésMartin C Göpfert
Aug 30, 2016·Frontiers in Microbiology·Fausto GardiniFatih Özogul
Sep 22, 2016·Thyroid : Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association·Carolin Stephanie HoefigJosef Köhrle
Sep 24, 2016·Neuropsychopharmacology : Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology·Michael D SchwartzThomas S Kilduff
Oct 1, 2016·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics·E FatsiniN J Duncan
Oct 7, 2016·Neuropsychopharmacology : Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology·Antonio FerragudPietro Cottone
Nov 7, 2016·European Journal of Pharmacology·Annunziatina LaurinoLaura Raimondi
Dec 7, 2016·Biological Psychiatry·Sarah W BlackThomas S Kilduff
Dec 13, 2016·Scientific Reports·Pablo S C SantosSimone Sommer
Jan 11, 2017·Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology·Grazia ChielliniRiccardo Zucchi
Jan 17, 2017·Nature Neuroscience·Thomas C FungElaine Y Hsiao
Jan 27, 2017·The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience·Jian-Feng LiuJun-Xu Li
Feb 9, 2017·Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology·Jonathan P JacobsMarla Dubinsky
Mar 1, 2017·Schizophrenia Research·Jibin JohnB K Thelma
Mar 9, 2017·Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology·James L AlexanderJames M Kinross
Mar 18, 2017·Nature Reviews. Cancer·Soumen Roy, Giorgio Trinchieri
Apr 9, 2017·The Journal of Biological Chemistry·J Mark Brown, Stanley L Hazen
Jul 8, 2017·Endocrinology and Metabolism·Jacques W M Lenders, Graeme Eisenhofer
Jul 15, 2017·Metabolomics : Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society·Juan Manuel Chao de la BarcaKrisztina Valter
Jul 20, 2017·Neuropharmacology·Dino LuethiMatthias E Liechti
Jul 21, 2017·Pharmacology & Therapeutics·Mark D BerryMohammed Shahid
Jul 28, 2017·The Biochemical Journal·Gregor Laube, Hans-Gert Bernstein
Sep 8, 2017·Frontiers in Endocrinology·Annunziatina Laurino, Laura Raimondi
Sep 19, 2017·Neurotoxicology·Nicholas B MinerAaron Janowsky
Sep 26, 2017·Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology·Yi-Xiang QiJia Huang
Dec 12, 2017·Frontiers in Pharmacology·Jessica MühlhausHeike Biebermann
Dec 31, 2017·Neuroscience Letters·Aleksander A AleksandrovRaul R Gainetdinov
Jan 20, 2018·The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience·Damiana LeoRaul R Gainetdinov
Feb 20, 2018·Frontiers in Pharmacology·Michael D SchwartzThomas S Kilduff
Feb 24, 2018·Endocrine Connections·Stavroula StavrouAurelia Vattai
Feb 24, 2018·Neuropsychopharmacology : Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology·Jian-Feng LiuJun-Xu Li
Mar 15, 2018·Frontiers in Pharmacology·Catherine F MoorePietro Cottone
Apr 24, 2018·Frontiers in Pharmacology·Ilya SukhanovRaul R Gainetdinov
May 2, 2018·Neurotoxicity Research·Aleksander A AleksandrovRaul R Gainetdinov


Mar 5, 2019·Chemical Communications : Chem Comm·Veera Reddy YathamBurkhard König
May 22, 2019·Histochemistry and Cell Biology·Mallory S PittsMark D Berry
Jan 8, 2020·International Journal of Molecular Sciences·Abdeslam ChagraouiPhilippe De Deurwaerdère
Apr 16, 2020·The New England Journal of Medicine·Donald C Goff
Sep 11, 2019·Neuroreport·Aleksander A AleksandrovNadezhda V Polyakova
Apr 7, 2019·Neuropsychopharmacology : Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology·Anushka V GoonawardenaThomas S Kilduff
May 28, 2019·Frontiers in Pharmacology·Aleksander A AleksandrovRaul R Gainetdinov
Dec 15, 2019·Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology·Katlynn Bugda GwiltGregory M Miller
Mar 3, 2019·Neurological Sciences : Official Journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology·Giovanni D'AndreaA Leon
Mar 23, 2019·International Journal of Molecular Sciences·Antonella Di PizioDietmar Krautwurst
Dec 19, 2019·Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology·Zhengrong Xu, Qian Li
Jan 25, 2020·Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology·Jian-Feng LiuJun-Xu Li
Nov 18, 2019·Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology·Artem DorotenkoIlya Sukhanov
Oct 24, 2019·Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology·Grazia Rutigliano, Riccardo Zucchi
Aug 17, 2019·Frontiers in Endocrinology·Nobuyuki Sudo
Apr 18, 2019·Scientific Reports·Giovanni D'AndreaAlberta Leon
Aug 3, 2019·The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics·Nina DedicKenneth S Koblan
Jul 20, 2019·Nature Communications·Christopher D ChuteJagan Srinivasan
Feb 2, 2020·Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology·Zachary Freyberg, J M Saavedra
Sep 29, 2020·Journal of Biomedical Science·Lesha Pretorius, Carine Smith
Jun 4, 2020·Biomedicines·Sudip Dhakal, Ian Macreadie
Dec 13, 2019·Pharmacological Reviews·Henry SzechtmanKurt Leroy Hoffman
Dec 12, 2018·Genes, Brain, and Behavior·Seong-Il Eyun
Nov 26, 2020·Cell and Tissue Research·Adam Dewan
Oct 30, 2020·Cells·Jesús Cosín-RogerSara Calatayud
Nov 8, 2019·Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes : Official Journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association·Heike Biebermann, Gunnar Kleinau
Dec 16, 2020·Neural Regeneration Research·Sudip Dhakal, Ian Macreadie
Dec 19, 2020·Frontiers in Microbiology·Arif LuqmanFriedrich Götz
Oct 27, 2018·Neuropharmacology·Ilya SukhanovAnton Yu Bespalov

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