PMID: 7993031Sep 1, 1994Paper

Tracheobronchial healing after lung and heart-lung transplantations. Apropos of 64 anastomoses

Annales de cardiologie et d'angéiologie
R GiudicelliJ P Auffray


The authors report an analysis concerning the healing of tracheo-bronchial anastomoses after lung- and heart-lung transplantation. The present study includes 64 anastomoses selected from a total of 80 cases. Sixteen had to be excluded because of early post-operative death; none of these deaths was related to an air-way complication. Bronchial healing was assessed by bronchoscopic follow-up; the appearance of the suture-line was classified according to Couraud's grades. The initial reference was the examination at 2 weeks, which was compared to subsequent follow-up. At the initial assessment, 42 anastomoses were grade 1, 4 were grade II, and 18 were grade III. The subsequent anatomic result was satisfactory for 52 sutures (81%). The complications were malacia in 2 cases, stenoses treated with a stenting device in 4 cases, dehiscence in 6 cases. The duration of ischemia and postoperative mechanical respiratory support, as well as the proximal or distal site of the anastomosis appeared to be of significant prognostic value.

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