Oct 20, 2018

Trajectories of grief, depression, and posttraumatic stress in disaster-bereaved people

Depression and Anxiety
Lonneke I M LenferinkPaul A Boelen

Abstract

Previous latent trajectory studies in adult bereaved people have identified individual differences in reactions postloss. However, prior findings may not reflect the complete picture of distress postloss, because they were focused on depression symptoms following nonviolent death. We examined trajectories of symptom-levels of persistent complex bereavement disorder (PCBD), depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a disaster-bereaved sample. We also investigated associations among these trajectories and background and loss-related factors, psychological support, and previous mental health complaints. Latent class growth modeling was used to identify distinct trajectories of PCBD, depression, and PTSD symptoms in people who lost loved ones in a plane disaster in 2014. Participants (N = 172) completed questionnaires for PCBD, depression, and PTSD at 11, 22, 31, and 42 months postdisaster. Associations among class membership and background and loss-related variables, psychological support, and previous mental health complaints were examined using logistic regression analyses. Two PCBD classes emerged: mild (81.8%) and chronic (18.2%) PCBD. For both depression and PTSD, three classes emerged: mild (85.6% and 85.2%), r...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Mental Health Wellness 1
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Cessation of Life
Logistic Regression
Bereavement
Persons
Mental Health
Participant
Depressive Symptoms

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