Tranexamic acid: a review of its use in the management of menorrhagia

Keri Wellington, Antona J Wagstaff


Tranexamic acid (Transamin), Cyklokapron, Exacyl, Cyklo-f) is a synthetic lysine derivative that exerts its antifibrinolytic effect by reversibly blocking lysine binding sites on plasminogen and thus preventing fibrin degradation. In a number of small clinical studies in women with idiopathic menorrhagia, tranexamic acid 2-4.5 g/day for 4-7 days reduced menstrual blood loss by 34-59% over 2-3 cycles, significantly more so than placebo, mefenamic acid, flurbiprofen, etamsylate and oral luteal phase norethisterone at clinically relevant dosages. Intrauterine administration of levonorgestrel 20 microg/day, however, produced the greatest reduction (96% after 12 months) in blood loss; 44% of patients treated with levonorgestrel developed amenorrhoea. Tranexamic acid 1.5 g three times daily for 5 days also significantly reduced menstrual blood loss in women with intrauterine contraceptive device-associated menorrhagia compared with diclofenac sodium (150 mg in three divided doses on day 1 followed by 25 mg three times daily on days 2-5) or placebo. Tranexamic acid, mefenamic acid, etamsylate, flurbiprofen or diclofenac sodium had no effect on the duration of menses in the studies that reported such data. In a large noncomparative, no...Continue Reading

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