DOI: 10.1101/486134Dec 3, 2018Paper

Transcranial ultrasound selectively biases decision-making in primates

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Jan KubanekWilliam Newsome


Transcranial focused ultrasound has the promise to evolve into a transformative noninvasive way to modulate activity of neuronal circuits deep in the brain. The approach may enable systematic and causal mapping of how individual brain circuits are involved in specific behaviors and behavioral disorders. Previous studies demonstrated neuromodulatory potential, but the effect polarity, size, and spatial specificity have been difficult to assess. Here, we engaged non-human primates ( macaca mulatta ) in an established task that provides a well defined framework to characterize the neuromodulatory effects. In this task, subjects decide whether to look at a right or a left target, guided by one the targets appearing first. Previous studies showed that excitation/inhibition of oculomotor circuits leads to contralateral/ipsilateral biases in this choice behavior. We found that brief, low-intensity ultrasound stimuli (300 ms, 0.6 MPa, 270 kHz) delivered to the animals’ left/right frontal eye fields bias the animals’ decisions to the right/left visual hemifield. The effect was modest, about on the order of that produced when injecting moderate amounts of potent neuromodulatory drugs into the same regions in this task. The polarity of th...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Behavior Disorders
Decision Making
Macaca mulatta
Spatial Distribution
Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial
Left Eye Structure

Related Feeds

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

BRAIN Initiative Cell Census Network (BICCN)

The BRAIN Initiative Cell Census Network aims to identify and provide experimental access to the different brain cell types to determine their roles in health and disease. Discover the latest research from researchers in the BRAIN Initiative Cell Census Network here.

Related Papers

The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Jan Kubanek, Lawrence H Snyder
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved