Apr 24, 2020

Autonomic/Central Coupling Boosts Working Memory in Healthy Young Adults

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
P.-C. ChenSara C Mednick

Abstract

Working memory (WM) is an executive function that can improve with training. However, the precise mechanism for this improvement is not known. Studies have shown greater WM gains after a period of sleep than a similar period of wake (Kuriyama et al. 2008a; Zinke, Noack, and Born 2018), with WM improvement correlated with slow wave activity (SWA; 0.5-1Hz) during slow wave sleep (SWS) (Sattari et al. 2019; Pugin et al. 2015; Ferrarelli et al. 2019). A different body of literature has suggested an important role for autonomic activity during wake for WM (Hansen et al. 2004; Mosley, Laborde, and Kavanagh 2018). A recent study from our group reported that the temporal coupling of autonomic and central events (ACEs) during sleep was associated with memory consolidation (Naji et al. 2019). We found that heart rate bursts (HR bursts) during non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep are accompanied by increases in SWA and sigma (12-15Hz) power, as well as increases in the high-frequency (HF) component of the RR interval, reflecting vagal rebound. In addition, ACEs predict long-term, episodic memory improvement. Building on these previous results, we examined whether ACEs may also contribute to gains in WM. We tested 104 young adults in an ope...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Transcription Repressor/Corepressor
Telomere Repeat Binding Proteins
Oncoprotein p21
Transcription, Genetic
Genomic Stability
Operator gene
Telomere
Cell Cycle
Protein KINASE
TERF2IP gene

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