Jul 1, 1997

Transesophageal echocardiographic prediction of initially successful electrical cardioversion of isolated atrial fibrillation. Effects of left atrial appendage function

Japanese Heart Journal
K ManabeS Ito


Left atrial appendage (LAA) flow velocities prior to electrical cardioversion were recorded using transesophageal pulsed Doppler echocardiography to predict initially successful cardioversion of isolated atrial fibrillation (AF). Patients with AF were placed into either a success group (19 patients) in which sinus rhythm was maintained for at least 2 days or a failure group (12 patients). The duration of AF was shorter in the success group. The maximum left atrial diameter was the same for the two groups. The maximum LAA area was smaller in the success group. The maximum forward and backward LAA velocities were greater in the success group, as were the mean forward and backward LAA velocities. In the patients with mean LAA flow velocities greater than 19 cm/sec, the success of cardioversion could be predicted with high sensitivity (80%) and specificity (88%). We conclude that the duration of AF, the maximum LAA area, and LAA flow velocities prior to cardioversion predict the initial recovery of sinus rhythm for isolated AF.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Echocardiography, Doppler, Pulsed
Blood Flow Velocity
Entire Left Auricular Appendage
Sinus - General Anatomical Term
Atrial Fibrillation
Atrial Function, Left
Echocardiography, Transesophageal
Electroversion Therapy
Indirect Thrombin Inhibitors
Heart Atrium

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