PMID: 7082315Jan 15, 1982Paper

Transfer of 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate as oxidizing potential from hepatocytes to erythrocytes

The Biochemical Journal
C H HagedornJ M Phang


The interconversions of proline and 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate form an intercellular cycle that is the basis of a metabolic interaction between hepatocytes and erythrocytes. The cycle transfers oxidizing potential from hepatocytes to erythrocytes, which stimulates pentose phosphate pathway in erythrocytes. This interaction depends on the differential metabolism of proline and 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate in erythrocytes and hepatocytes and consists of the following: in hepatocytes proline oxidase converts proline into 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate, which is released into the medium and taken up by erythrocytes; erythrocyte 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase converts 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate into proline and concomitantly generates NADP+; the generated oxidizing potential drives glucose metabolism through the pentose phosphate pathway in erythrocytes; finally, erythrocytes release proline into the medium, enabling it to re-enter hepatocytes and repeat the cycle. The increased activity of the pentose phosphate pathway in erythrocytes may enhance the production of 5-phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate, a necessary moiety for the processing of purines.


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