Nov 21, 2007

Transformation from chemisorption to physisorption with tube diameter and gas concentration: computational studies on NH3 adsorption in BN nanotubes

The Journal of Chemical Physics
Yafei LiJijun Zhao

Abstract

Using first-principles computations, we studied NH3 adsorption on a series of zigzag (n,0) single-walled BN nanotubes (BNNTs) and the effect of gas coverage. Tube diameter and NH3 coverage play important roles on the tube-NH3 interaction. Chemisorption of a single NH3 molecule on top of B site is energetically preferable for all the tubes studied, but the adsorption energy decreases sharply with increasing tube diameter, and then gradually approaches the value for NH3 physisorption on BN graphene layer. On the sidewall of (10,0) BNNT, NH3 molecules prefer to pair arrangement on top of B and N atoms opposite in the same hexagon. At low coverages, NH3 molecules are partly chemically bound to BNNTs. With the increase of NH3 coverage, hydrogen bonds form between the adsorbed NH3 molecules or between the NH3 molecules and N atoms in BNNTs. When the coverage reaches 25%, the chemisorption of NH3 transforms to physisorption completely. NH3 adsorption does not modify the overall band structures of BNNTs, irrespective of NH3 coverage, but the band gap is narrowed due to the NH3-tube coupling and tube deformation.

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References

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Chemicals
Bulimia Nervosa
Adsorption

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