PMID: 37931Jun 1, 1979

Transhydrogenase as an additional site of energy accumulation in the E. coli respiratory chain

Biokhimii︠a︡
A V Chetkauskaite, L L Grinius

Abstract

NAD+ reduction catalyzed by transhydrogenase (EC 1.6.1.1) from E. coli membrane particles at the expense of NADPH oxidation is coupled with phenyldicarbaundecaborate (PCB-) absorption by the particles. This process is inhibited by oxidative phosphorylation protonophorous uncouplers and by equilibration of concentrations of the substrates and products of the transhydrogenase reaction. Elimination of the water-soluble part of membrane ATPase results in the inhibition of PCB- absorption at the expense of the transhydrogenase reaction energy. Treatment of the particles by dicyclohexyl carbodiimide increases the transhydrogenase-coupled absorption of PCB-. The transhydrogenase-induced increase of pPCB in the suspension of particles is directly correlated with the ratio of ([NADPH].[NAD+])/([NADP+].[NADH]). When this value is equal to 1, no energy-dependent increase of pPCB was observed. NADP+ reduction at the expense of NADH oxidation leads to a decrease in the amount of PCB- absorbed by the particles at the expense of ATP hydrolysis energy. The experimental data suggest that NADPH oxidation in the course of the transhydrogenase reaction is coupled with the formation of a membrane potential with a positive charge localized inside th...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Plasma Membrane
Respiratory Chain
Energy Transfer
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
NADH
NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases
NADP
NADP Transhydrogenase
Oxidation-Reduction
Oxygen Consumption

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.