Transient inactivation of almond mandelonitrile lyase by 3-methyleneoxindole: a photooxidation product of the natural plant hormone indole-3-acetic acid

Biochemistry
I P PetrouniaE J Brush

Abstract

A variety of plant growth regulators belonging to the auxin phytohormone family have been found to be good competitive inhibitors of the oxynitrilase from almonds, mandelonitrile lyase (MNL). The major natural auxin, indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), was found to inactivate MNL in a reaction following pseudo-first-order kinetics and dependent upon visible light. Inactivation results from the oxidative decarboxylation of IAA forming 3-methyleneoxidole (MOI). This compound has been synthesized and shown to produce active-site-directed inactivation of MNL, in a reaction following saturation kinetics with a KI of 37 +/- 8 microM and maximal kinact of 0.13 +/- 0.02 min-1. Inactivation protection is provided by the competitive inhibitors azide and benzoate, suggesting that the inactivation reaction is active-site-directed. This idea is substantiated by our determination that MOI is a competitive inhibitor of MNL with a Ki of 23 +/- 3 microM under steady-state turnover conditions, in reasonable agreement with the value obtained from the inactivation data. Several indole derivatives such as indoline, skatole, oxindole, and 3-methyloxindole are poor competitive inhibitors of MNL with dissociation constants 20-40-fold greater than that for MOI...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

3-methyleneoxindole
Mandelonitrile benzaldehyde-lyase
Indoleacetic acid, monosodium salt
Aldehyde-Lyases
Indicators
Auxins
Indoles
Nuts
Photochemistry
Plant Growth Regulators

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