PMID: 10406026Jul 16, 1999

Transient vasodilatory effects of adrenomedullin on cerebral parenchymal microvessels in cats

Neuroscience Letters
M TakaoY Fukuuchi


We studied the effects of adrenomedullin, structural homology of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), on the cerebral parenchymal microvessels in cats by our photoelectric method. Adrenomedullin significantly increased cerebral blood volume (CBV) at 0.5 and 1 min after intracarotid injection (0.01-1 nmol/kg, maximum; +0.71 vol% for 0.1 nmol/kg adrenomedullin). Adrenomedullin antagonist, adrenomedullin22-62 (0.01-10 nmol/kg), caused no significant changes in CBV and mean arterial blood pressure. Preinjection of 10 nmol/kg adrenomedullin22-52 blocked the vasodilatory effect of 0.01 nmol/kg adrenomedullin (P < 0.05). Pretreatment of 1 nmol/kg CGRP8-37, which has antagonistic activity against CGRP, also inhibited the vasodilatation of adrenomedullin. The degree of CBV reduction after adrenomedullin22-52 injection was greater than that after CGRP8-37 injection. Adrenomedullin has no major role in the maintenance of resting tone of intracerebral parenchymal vessels. Intravascularly administered adrenomedullin dilates cortical microvessels mainly through the specific adrenomedullin receptor.


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