Feb 17, 1976

Transitory postnatal hemolysis of calf red cells by amino acids

The Journal of Membrane Biology
H D Kim


Among the amino acids which can be solubilized to give a concentration of 300 mm at near physiological pH, histidine and proline caused a complete hemolysis of newborn calf but not of adult cow red cells within 20 to 30 minutes at 38 degrees C. While hydroxyproline, valine, and serine resulted in a partial lysis of calf cells, threonine, glutamine, and glycine were ineffective. In this communication, emphasis has been focused on the mode of the lytic process by histidine which was found to be affected by several governing parameters including the pH, temperature and the extracellular salts in the solution. Unlike human red cells suspended in isotonic histidine, both calf and cow cells lost little Na and K ions. In the presence of 300 mm histidine, both calf and cow cells displayed an instantaneous uptake of histidine amounting to 20 to 45 mumoles/ml RBC followed by a slow influx rate of 0.25 to 0.5 mumoles/ml RBC X min. The extent to which histidine entry was allowed by the cell was counterbalanced by Cl- efflux, resulting in little change in cell volume prior to hemolysis. Moreover, histidine-induced hemolysis can be prevented by 1 mm or lower PCMBS without a discernible effect on histidine influx suggesting a possible membran...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Chloride Ion Level
Sodium Chloride, (24)NaCl
Bos indicus

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