DOI: 10.1101/494377Dec 15, 2018Paper

Translocator Protein Localises To CD11b+ Macrophages In Atherosclerosis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Chantal KopeckyBlake J Cochran

Abstract

Background: Atherosclerosis is characterized by lipid deposition, monocyte infiltration and foam cell formation in the artery wall. Translocator protein (TSPO) is abundantly expressed in lipid rich tissues. Recently, TSPO has been identified as a potential diagnostic tool in cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this study was to determine if the TSPO ligand, 18F-PBR111, can identify early atherosclerotic lesions and if TSPO expression can be used to identify distinct macrophage populations during lesion progression. Methods and Results: ApoE-/- mice were maintained on a high-fat diet for 3 or 12 weeks. C57BL/6J mice maintained on chow diet served as controls. Mice were administered 18F-PBR111 intravenously and PET/CT imaged. After euthanasia, aortas were isolated, fixed and optically cleared. Cleared aortas were immunostained with DAPI, and fluorescently labelled with antibodies to-TSPO, the tissue resident macrophage marker F4/80 and the monocyte-derived macrophage marker CD11b. TSPO expression and the macrophage markers were visualised in fatty streaks and mature lesions by light sheet microscopy. While tissue resident F4/80+ macrophages were evident in the arteries of animals without atherosclerosis, no CD11b+ macrophages ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Aorta
Apolipoprotein E
Arteries
Atherosclerosis
Biological Markers
Cardiovascular Diseases
Diagnostic Imaging
Diet
Foam Cells
Ligands

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