Jan 1, 1976

Transport of ions and water across the epithelium of fish gills

Ciba Foundation Symposium
J Maetz

Abstract

The teleostean gill is characterized by an exceptionally low permeability to water. Water moves along the osmotic gradient across the gill, being gained in fresh water and lost in sea water. Coupling of water movement to solute movement has not been reported. In fresh water, the gill is the site of independent active uptake of sodium and chloride. Na+ uptake is coupled to H+ or NH4+ excretion, Cl- uptake to HCO3- excretion. Amiloride blocks sodium transport and thiocyanate inhibits the chloride pump. In sea water, sodium and chloride exchanges across the gill are about 100 times faster than in fresh water, up to 100% of the internal sodium or chloride being exchanged per hour. Chloride is actively excreted, while sodium movement may well be passive. The chloride pump is associated with a mechanism for Na/K exchange; both pump and Na/K exchange are blocked by thiocyanate and possibly by ouabain. Three enzymes are involved in the ionic pumps: carbonate dehydratase (EC 4.2.1.1; carbonic anhydrase), sodium/potassium-stimulated adenosine-triphosphatase (EC 3.6.1.3, ATPase) and anion-stimulated ATPase. Specialized cells ('chloride cells') are presumably the site of the active transport.

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Chloride Ion Level
Adenosine
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Calcium
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Triphosphatase
Potassium
CA8
Uptake
Sodium Ion Transport

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.

Related Papers

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
D S Parsons
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Y Arlot-BonnemainsG Milhaud
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved