Transport of very preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome using nasal continuous positive airway pressure

Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
P JaniA Berry


To audit clinical practice during transport of very preterm infants (<32 weeks) with acute respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) receiving nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP). Retrospective cohort study. Twenty-seven infants were receiving NCPAP before transport team's arrival, and 23 were commenced on NCPAP after team's arrival. Six infants (12%) failed NCPAP before transfer, 2 infants (4.5%) failed NCPAP less than 24 hours, and 5 infants (11.3%) failed more than 24 hours - 7 days following admission. None died or developed pneumothorax during, or 7 days after admission. We did not observe NCPAP failure during transfer. There was a statistically significant difference between the NCPAP success and NCPAP failure groups for FiO2 at admission (p < 0.05), and the duration of NCPAP (p < 0.05). NCPAP is a potentially safe and effective mode of respiratory support for very preterm infants during ground, and air transports.


Jul 2, 2019·NeoReviews·Gillian BrennanChristine Carlos

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